BEFORE THE SPANIARDS ARRIVAL
On the hillside of The Manas mountain was situated the MUISCAS Military Fortress, called as SUMONGOTA or BUSONGOTA, which was made up by a circular wooden fence, with a diameter of approximately a 1000-meters; length; this was protected by a canopy made of woven cotton cloth, which had 4 meters height, and 4 meters width, and it was used to shield themselves from both the sun and the rain as well.
Within the fence there were a lot of large houses which were filled with different sorts of ammunitions and military equipment, such as truncheons, darts, slings, launchers; there were also provisions such as corn, beans, dried meat, and other prepared food.
1537 – SPANIARDS ARRIVAL
The TISQUESUSA ZIPA got there fleeing from the Spaniards pursuit and didn´t manage to settle himself in the Fortress, so he had to flee leaving behind the litters, in which he used to be carried along; this latter was made of fine wood and gold plated, and inlaid with silver and emeralds.
The MUISCAS, upon becoming aware of the Spaniards vanguard, set off to encounter them in a place known as The Manas; there, these were defeated by the Spaniards, who moving forward, got to the Fortress; there, the Indians lay hidden within the Fortress; a brave Indian warrior dared to challenge the Spaniards; then, the Spaniard Colonel Lazaro Fonte, by riding on his horse, took the Indian by his hair, and headed to his troop; then, by lifting him, showed him to his comrades in arms; the Indians, upon seeing this, fled being wholly terrified.
Mr. Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada gets there on March 23rd , and, altogether with his vanguard, remain in the place for eight days, stocking up the food left by the Indians; subsequently, they were mainly consuming deer meat, which was well known in the zone; some of the settlers of the fenced country houses, by believing these were like gods, offered them incense burning and gold. Then, the Spaniards set off to celebrate the Holy Week which took place in Chía.
In 1579, the construction of a doctrinal church for the Indigenous Shelter, with the purpose of evangelizing the Indians, is authorized.
In 1598, in order to get the water from the Simca River, today called Río Frío, an irrigating ditch is made, through which the water will be taken to the place where the town is situated today.
In 1592, the first doctrinaire priest, Pedro Roldan, gets to the place.
In 1593, the Indigenous Shelter is visited by the Hearer, Mr Miguel De Ibarra, who conducted the first census, adding up 776 inhabitants.
The town consolidation dates back to 1598, when the construction of the doctrinal church was finished by the bricklayer builder Juan Del Hoyo; said construction cost $2.125= Col. Ps., and 4.000 bricks were used.
Between the years 1602 and 1603, the Hearer, Mr Diego Gómez de Mena, was assigned to distribute the lands and to hear the Indians complaints, who claimed that the Councillor, Cristobal Tinoco, who owned the farm where, nearby the Río Frío, the water was taken from, had taken away the part of the land through which the water was extracted, and said that the irrigating ditch had been partially destroyed; because of the preceding, on February 22nd, the opening of the irrigating ditch was ordered, so the water could flow through it again.
On May 3rd, the expropriation of the farm is carried out by the Commissioner Judge Rodrigo Zapata, who, taking Don Juan Cacique by his hand, along with the Captains and Indians, took possession of the farm as property of the Indigenous Shelter, so they could get the water supply again.
The first baptism certificate of the CAXICA town (with time the letter X was replaced by J) was issued by the Real Crown of His Majesty the King, on January 1st, 1604.
In CAJICA, the first music and singing school is created in 1605 by the Jesuit Priests: Juan Bautista Coluccini, and, Joseph Danney, whose objective was to evangelize through the singing in the mass celebration.
Publicado: 18 de Marzo del 2018.